When you vote in local council elections, you are voting for a Councillor. Each local council is split into areas, called 'wards'. There are usually 3 or 4 Councillors elected in each ward.
You must be aged 16 or over to vote in local council elections.
A by-election takes place when an elected person:
- is bankrupt
- sentenced to prison for more than 12 months
By-elections can happen for MSPs, MPs, MEPs and Councillors.
You can vote in the same way as you would for an election - at a polling station, by post or by proxy.