How it works
A 'surrogate' is someone who will have a baby for you. If you use a surrogate, you would be known as an 'intended parent' or 'intended parents'.
You can use a surrogate if you are single or in a couple. There's information about what to expect on the Brilliant Beginnings website.
It's illegal to pay a surrogate for anything other than 'reasonable expenses'. This covers things like:
- travel costs
- treatment costs
- maternity clothes
- childcare costs if you have children
- any loss of earnings
There's more information about what reasonable expenses means on the Brilliant Beginnings website.
Becoming the child's legal parent
To become the child's legal parents you will need to ask a court to make a "parental order".
You need to apply for a parental order within 6 months of the child's birth. The legal parents will need to agree to the order. They can only do this 6 weeks after the birth.
The surrogate will be the legal parent of the child when it is born.
The other legal parent is the spouse or civil partner of the surrogate, if she's married or in a civil partnership. If she's not, the other legal parent is the:
- intended father or the surrogate's unmarried partner if they are the sperm donor
- surrogate's partner if the sperm donor is someone else and the partner agreed to be the other legal parent (gave consent)
There isn't always another legal parent - it might just be the surrogate.
Types of surrogacy
There are two types of surrogacy:
- straight surrogacy - also known as traditional surrogacy or artifical insemination
- host surrogacy - also known as gestational surrogacy
The surrogate's egg would be impregnated by the intended father's sperm. This is done by 'artificial insemination' - where the sperm is inserted inside the surrogate.
This can be done at a pregnancy clinic or at home with an insemination kit.
If you choose to use an insemination kit at home, then there could be additional health or legal risks compared to treatment at a clinic.
Host (or gestational) surrogacy
The intended parent's (or another donor's) egg would be impregnated by the intended father's (or another donor's) sperm. It would then be inserted into the surrogate's body.
This type of surrogacy would always need to be done in a pregnancy clinic.
There is more information about how this works on the Surrogacy UK website.
British Infertility Counselling Association (BICA)
BICA offers counselling if you're considering having a child through a surrogate.
You can find a counsellor in your area on BICA's website.
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