If you run a business, you have a legal responsibility to provide safe and healthy conditions for your employees, customers, and suppliers.
The following will give you more information on different areas of health and safety in the workplace.
You can find information about returning to work safely during coronavirus on gov.scot. This guidance is for workers and employers.
General employer's guide
Effective health and safety practices help you avoid staff illness, accidents and the costs associated with them. They can also improve your business' reputation with customers, regulators and employees.
The Business Gateway site gives an introduction to the essentials of health and safety for your business.
Advice from Healthy Working Lives
Healthy Working Lives provide free and confidential advice, training and support for Scottish businesses. They cover all aspects of health, safety and well-being in the workplace.
The Scottish Centre for Healthy Working Lives is part of the NHS so all of their services are free and confidential.
You can also contact Healthy Working Lives on their free adviceline on 0800 019 2211 to find out more.
Occupational health and welfare
Managing occupational health and welfare issues in your workplace means taking steps to prevent injury and promote the wellbeing of yourself and your staff.
Business Gateway has a guide that explains the importance of tackling issues such as stress or harassment and explains how to implement systems that can help you do so.
Ensuring employee safety when using equipment
All businesses must make sure their equipment is used to meet health and safety requirements. This reduces the risk of accidents or damage to health. Under health and safety law, employers have a duty to minimise risks to employees.
Business Gateway has a guide that explains how to assess and reduce the risks of using workplace equipment.
Safely handling and transporting substances
All businesses must assess the risks and implications of:
- manual handling
- transport in the workplace
- slips and trips
- transporting goods and materials
- managing harmful substances
This guide from Business Gateway explains how to assess and control risks, and tells you how to make your workplace safer.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Find information and advice about work-related health, safety and illness from the independent regulator.
Health and Safety Executive
Report or make a complaint about a workplace health and safety matter
If you need to report an incident or have a complaint about a health and safety matter in the workplace contact the Health and Safety Executive.
During working hours the temperature in all indoor workplaces must be reasonable.
There's no law for minimum or maximum working temperatures, eg when it's too cold or too hot to work.
However, guidance suggests a minimum of 16ºC or 13ºC if employees are doing physical work.
There's no guidance for a maximum temperature limit.
Employers must stick to health and safety at work law, including:
- keeping the temperature at a comfortable level
- providing clean and fresh air
Employees should talk to their employer if the workplace temperature isn't comfortable.
Smoking at work: the law
Smoking isn't allowed in any enclosed workplace, public building or on public transport in the UK.
- display 'no smoking' signs in all workplaces and vehicles
- make sure people don't smoke in enclosed work premises or shared vehicles
Staff smoking rooms aren't allowed - smokers must go outside.
Businesses can be fined a fixed penalty of £200 if they don't stop people smoking in the workplace or up to £2,500 if the fine isn't paid.
Workers can be fined up to £50 for smoking at work.
The law doesn't apply to e-cigarettes. Employers can decide if they can be used on their premises.
Smoking isn't allowed in any work vehicle that more than one person uses, including:
- goods vehicles used by more than one driver
- company cars used by more than one employee
A worker can smoke in a company car that only they use if their employer agrees.
Residential care homes and hospices can offer individual smoking rooms but only for residents.
The rooms must be well ventilated and smoke must not get into other rooms.
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