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A criminal court case is the legal action at court that decides matters involving crime.
The judge – or jury if there is one – will hear all the evidence and will reach a verdict about whether an accused person is guilty or not. If an accused person is found guilty, the judge, sheriff or magistrate will make a decision about any sentence or punishment.
If you're to give evidence in a criminal court case as a witness, you'll get an official letter – called a 'citation' – by either:
the Procurator Fiscal – the lawyer who works for the prosecution
a defence lawyer – the lawyer who represents the accused person
Find out about being a witness at court.
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