Mediation, conciliation and arbitration
You can get help from a third-party to solve disputes between you and your employer. The main ways you can do this are through:
Mediation is when an independent and impartial third party discusses a problem with you and your employer (or between you and another employee) to try and find a solution. It's often used after informal discussions haven't come up with a solution.
Mediation is voluntary and the mediator can't force you or your employer to accept a solution. Both you and your employer must agree on the way to solve the dispute.
You can also find a mediation service on the Scottish Mediation website.
Read the Acas guide on mediation for more information.
Conciliation is similar to mediation but is normally used when:
- you believe you may be entitled to make a claim to an employment tribunal
- you have already made a claim to an employment tribunal
Conciliation is voluntary - both you and your employer must agree to it before it happens.
Acas can offer a free service to help to settle a claim or potential claim.
Read the Acas guide on conciliation for more information.
Arbitration is when a third-party makes a firm decision on a case after considering all the issues.
You and your employer must agree to an arbitrator's decision being legally binding. You can withdraw from the arbitration, but you must do this before the arbitrator makes a decision. Your employer can also withdraw from the arbitration before a decision is made, but only if you agree to this.
Read the Acas guide on arbitration for more information.